Choosing the right JavaScript framework for your project takes time and effort, considering the plethora of options for front-end development. So, which JavaScript framework should you choose?

You should look out for several critical aspects while keeping your project requirements in mind. This article will compare two popular front-end frameworks – React vs Angular – across various factors to help you pick the technology that suits you and your project best.

Let’s go!

 

What is Angular?

Angular is an open-source JavaScript front-end framework commonly used to build scalable and high-performing mobile and web apps using CSS, HTML, and TypeScript. Angular has a collection of well-integrated libraries and features, such as client-server communication and routing, to name a few. The framework also offers a suite of developer tools that can be used to develop and scale projects from single-developer to enterprise-level apps. Angular is developed and managed by Google’s Angular team.

What is React?

React is a front-end JavaScript library that allows you to build interactive user interfaces from reusable UI components. It helps developers create seamless UX and complex UI with the help of its component-based and declarative traits.

React’s “Learn Once, Write Anywhere” principle makes it easier for developers to build and scale applications. React is developed by Facebook and is maintained by Facebook communities and individual developers.

React vs Angular: Key Differences

There’ve been many debates on Angular vs. React, creating confusion and misunderstanding regarding these two front-end frameworks. To clear things out, we’ll shed some light on the main differences between Angular vs. React, helping you choose the most suitable one for your project:

  • Angular is a JavaScript framework built on TypeScript, whereas Reactjs is a JavaScript library built on JSX.
  • Angular is an open-source platform developed by Google, while React is an open-source library developed by Facebook.
  • React is commonly used to build interactive UI components with frequently variable data. In contrast, Angular is used to build complex enterprise-grade apps like progressive web apps and single-page apps.
  • The learning curve for Angular is steeper compared with React due to a large number of built-in functionalities.
  • React is commonly used to develop reusable HTML elements whereas Angular is a part of the MEAN stack (compatible with many code editors) and is considered to create dynamic websites and web apps.

 

For a more detailed comparison between React and Angular, check out the table below:

Parameters
React
Angular
Release Year 2013 2009
Developed By Facebook Google
Best Suited For Creating interactive web applications Creating large web applications with frequently variable data
App Structure Flexible component-based view Fixed component-based Model, Controller, and View
Performance Competitive

Optimized with virtual DOM

Competitive

Optimized with change detection

UI Rendering Client/Server-side Client/Server-side
Dependency Injection Not supported Supported
Data Binding One-way data binding Two-way data binding
Learning Curve Moderate Steep
DOM Type Virtual Real

React vs Angular: Popularity

Although Angular and React have gained popularity over the years, one of them is taking the lead as the preferred web framework. According to StackOverflow’s Developer Survey 2022, React.js and Node.js are reported to be the two most common web technologies used by professional software developers and those who’re at the beginning of their coding journey, with Angular taking the fifth place on the list. In addition, the survey further shares that React.js is loved by 68.19% of the respondents, while Angular is loved by 52.27% of software developers.

React

React is one of the most popular JavaScript frameworks in the world, with incredible community support. However, working with React requires continuous learning as the framework is frequently updated. In some cases, there might be a lack of documentation, but that’s not a reason to worry – React enthusiasts are ready to help on thematic forums.

Angular

Angular is less popular than React, partially due to its complexity, as it requires a significant amount of time to learn and sharpen your skills. However, this technology is developed and managed by Google, which boosts Angular’s credibility. Moreover, Google provides long-term support for Angular developers, continuously improving the framework.

 

React vs Angular: Performance

Performance is a critical factor that needs to be considered when selecting Angular vs. React for your project. While React has built a strong reputation for boosting performance, Angular isn’t lagging behind.

React

  • React’s use of the virtual DOM structure is one of React’s performance-enhancing features.
  • Has Redux-like state containers which speed up the development process in scalable applications

Angular

  • Uses the “two-way data binding” process, which copies all changes made to the model in a safe, efficient, and intuitive way.
  • Offers powerful inbuilt features like AngularCLI and Rxjs, which can be used to create channels of independent handling of events and exchanging data.
  • Rapid server-side rendering
  • Runs the components in parallel, saving developers a few lines of code

React vs Angular: Use Cases

Depending on the nature and complexity of the project, React might be more suitable than Angular in some cases and vice versa. Angular is a web development TypeScript-based platform that became popular among developers with the emergence of single-page application usage. In contrast, React is a JavaScript library specifically used for building interactive user interfaces and reusable UI components.

React Use Cases

React is an open-source library for managing an application’s view layer, allowing developers to build reusable UI components. The framework’s speed and scalability contributed to its popularity among the developers building large-scale applications, allowing them to alter the data without reloading the page.

Reactjs is used by companies such as Facebook, Instagram, Netflix, and so on. 

 Angular Use Cases

Angular is a standalone solution that considerably speeds up the process of building data-driven web applications. The reliability and efficacy of code are backed by Google engineers and the community of experts, boosting the framework’s credibility.

With Angular’s model-view-controller capability, it boosts the functionality of browser-based apps by reducing the amount of JavaScript code needed to keep the apps up and running.

Angular is used by companies such as Google, Microsoft, Samsung, UpWork, etc.

 

React vs Angular: Testing

React

Jest is a testing tool that lets you access the DOM via jsdom. Although jsdom is only an approximation of the browser’s work structure, it’s often considered sufficient for testing React components. 

Angular

Jasmine is a testing framework used in Angular projects.

React vs Angular: Which one is easier to learn?

React

React is minimalistic in this regard: no dependency injections, classic templates, and overly complex features. React will be easier to understand if you already have sufficient knowledge of JavaScript.

However, it’s worth remembering that it’ll take some time to learn how to set up a project, as there is no predefined project structure. Moreover, you’ll need to know the Redux library for state management purposes.

With frequent updates, it also requires additional effort from the developer.

Angular

Since Angular is vast and complex, it requires more time to learn all the concepts compared with React. The framework’s complexity partially comes from a significant amount of syntax and intricate component management.

Although it may seem challenging initially, it’s worth dedicating some time to learning the basics at the initial phase. Despite the fact that TypeScript closely resembles JavaScript, it still takes some time to learn and understand it.

As in the case of React, Angular is constantly updated, requiring extra learning effort from the developer.

React vs Angular: Conclusion

To make the right selection between React vs. Angular for your project, you must carefully evaluate the project scope, requirements, and needs. Based on those factors, one of the frameworks will be more suitable than the other. For instance, while Angular is a full-fledged JavaScript framework that could be a great option for developers building enterprise-grade applications, React might be a better choice for those building small-sized applications.

Each of these frameworks has its own benefits and drawbacks.

React may seem more straightforward at first; however, it gets more complicated as you have to learn to work with additional JavaScript tools and frameworks.

Although Angular is more complex and might take longer to master, it’s a powerful tool that offers a holistic web development experience. Once you build your foundation in Angular and learn how to work with it, you reap the fruits.

In the end, both frameworks are frequently updated to keep up with the competition. However, when deciding whether to go with React or Angular for your project, remember that React entails a simpler learning journey, leading to faster development, whereas Angular offers more built-in functionality.

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