You should look out for several critical aspects while keeping your project requirements in mind. This article will compare two popular front-end frameworks – React vs Angular – across various factors to help you pick the technology that suits you and your project best.
What is Angular?
What is React?
React’s “Learn Once, Write Anywhere” principle makes it easier for developers to build and scale applications. React is developed by Facebook and is maintained by Facebook communities and individual developers.
React vs Angular: Key Differences
There’ve been many debates on Angular vs. React, creating confusion and misunderstanding regarding these two front-end frameworks. To clear things out, we’ll shed some light on the main differences between Angular vs. React, helping you choose the most suitable one for your project:
- Angular is an open-source platform developed by Google, while React is an open-source library developed by Facebook.
- React is commonly used to build interactive UI components with frequently variable data. In contrast, Angular is used to build complex enterprise-grade apps like progressive web apps and single-page apps.
- The learning curve for Angular is steeper compared with React due to a large number of built-in functionalities.
- React is commonly used to develop reusable HTML elements whereas Angular is a part of the MEAN stack (compatible with many code editors) and is considered to create dynamic websites and web apps.
For a more detailed comparison between React and Angular, check out the table below:
|Best Suited For||Creating interactive web applications||Creating large web applications with frequently variable data|
|App Structure||Flexible component-based view||Fixed component-based Model, Controller, and View|
Optimized with virtual DOM
Optimized with change detection
|Dependency Injection||Not supported||Supported|
|Data Binding||One-way data binding||Two-way data binding|
React vs Angular: Popularity
Although Angular and React have gained popularity over the years, one of them is taking the lead as the preferred web framework. According to StackOverflow’s Developer Survey 2022, React.js and Node.js are reported to be the two most common web technologies used by professional software developers and those who’re at the beginning of their coding journey, with Angular taking the fifth place on the list. In addition, the survey further shares that React.js is loved by 68.19% of the respondents, while Angular is loved by 52.27% of software developers.
Angular is less popular than React, partially due to its complexity, as it requires a significant amount of time to learn and sharpen your skills. However, this technology is developed and managed by Google, which boosts Angular’s credibility. Moreover, Google provides long-term support for Angular developers, continuously improving the framework.
React vs Angular: Performance
Performance is a critical factor that needs to be considered when selecting Angular vs. React for your project. While React has built a strong reputation for boosting performance, Angular isn’t lagging behind.
- React’s use of the virtual DOM structure is one of React’s performance-enhancing features.
- Has Redux-like state containers which speed up the development process in scalable applications
- Uses the “two-way data binding” process, which copies all changes made to the model in a safe, efficient, and intuitive way.
- Offers powerful inbuilt features like AngularCLI and Rxjs, which can be used to create channels of independent handling of events and exchanging data.
- Rapid server-side rendering
- Runs the components in parallel, saving developers a few lines of code
React vs Angular: Use Cases
React Use Cases
React is an open-source library for managing an application’s view layer, allowing developers to build reusable UI components. The framework’s speed and scalability contributed to its popularity among the developers building large-scale applications, allowing them to alter the data without reloading the page.
Reactjs is used by companies such as Facebook, Instagram, Netflix, and so on.
Angular Use Cases
Angular is a standalone solution that considerably speeds up the process of building data-driven web applications. The reliability and efficacy of code are backed by Google engineers and the community of experts, boosting the framework’s credibility.
Angular is used by companies such as Google, Microsoft, Samsung, UpWork, etc.
React vs Angular: Testing
Jest is a testing tool that lets you access the DOM via jsdom. Although jsdom is only an approximation of the browser’s work structure, it’s often considered sufficient for testing React components.
Jasmine is a testing framework used in Angular projects.
React vs Angular: Which one is easier to learn?
However, it’s worth remembering that it’ll take some time to learn how to set up a project, as there is no predefined project structure. Moreover, you’ll need to know the Redux library for state management purposes.
With frequent updates, it also requires additional effort from the developer.
Since Angular is vast and complex, it requires more time to learn all the concepts compared with React. The framework’s complexity partially comes from a significant amount of syntax and intricate component management.
As in the case of React, Angular is constantly updated, requiring extra learning effort from the developer.
React vs Angular: Conclusion
Each of these frameworks has its own benefits and drawbacks.
Although Angular is more complex and might take longer to master, it’s a powerful tool that offers a holistic web development experience. Once you build your foundation in Angular and learn how to work with it, you reap the fruits.
In the end, both frameworks are frequently updated to keep up with the competition. However, when deciding whether to go with React or Angular for your project, remember that React entails a simpler learning journey, leading to faster development, whereas Angular offers more built-in functionality.
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